Which Way for the Antiwar Movement?

Connecticut United for Peace Conference Sets an Example

by Renee Tanner


On November 20 antiwar activists from around Connecticut and nearby states converged at Central Connecticut State University (CCSU) in New Britain to hear antiwar leaders from around the country make presentations, followed by workshops and a plenary session aimed at determining “Where Do We Go from Here?”

The session to discuss strategies and perspectives was held as part of a daylong, statewide forum hosted by the Peace Studies Department and sponsored by Connecticut United for Peace, a coalition of antiwar groups in the state. Approximately 225 antiwar activists from around the state and region attended. Most of the attendees were older activists from the 1960s and ’70s, but about 10% of the attendees were students representing a significant number of campus antiwar groups in the state. There were also representatives from labor, including AFSCME District Council 4, military family members, and young Latinos from Latinos Contra La Guerra. The conference was endorsed and built by AFSC, CCSU Progressive Student Alliance, CT Green Party, CT Peace Coalition New Haven, CT Coalition for Peace and Justice, CT Social Forum, We Refuse to be Enemies, Greater New Haven Peace Council, Hartford Bring the Troops Home Now, International Socialist Organization, Labor Art and Mural Project, Latinos Contra La Guerra, Middle East Crisis Committee, Middletown Alliance for Peace, Southern Connecticut State University (SCSU) Antiwar Coalition, and Western Connecticut State University (WCSU) Youth for Justice.

The conference was opened by Meg Scata, one of the central coordinators, who gave the opening remarks. The opening session panelists were Bill Fletcher, of Trans Africa Forum, and Mazin Qumsiyeh, a Palestinian author. Bill Fletcher is president of Trans Africa Forum, a nonprofit organization dedicated to educating the general public on the social, political, and economic ramifications of U.S. foreign policy for Blacks around the world. Fletcher, an African American scholar and labor, peace, and justice activist, delivered the keynote speech. [The full text of his presentation may also be found in this section of the Labor Standard web site.]

Fletcher made the point that both the war on Iraq and the war on terrorism “represent significant steps on the part of the U.S. to ensure its hegemony over the reorganization of global capitalism...both efforts also share in common the basic notion of crushing resistance.” Fletcher argued that the election was not a landslide for Bush, but that the right wing out-organized the liberals and progressives and that a section of the electorate voted for empire. He also made the point that close to half the electorate voted for a different agenda. However, he never discussed that agenda, Kerry, or the progressive dilemma of supporting the lesser evil (but still pro-war) candidacy. He called the current administration authoritarian/theocratic capitalism, not fascistic. He made the important point that the election strengthened racism in this country by playing on the backwardness and anxieties of white Americans.

Although Fletcher has held the positions of education director and assistant to the president of the AFL-CIO, organizer for the UAW, and organizational secretary for the National Mail Handlers union and is currently affiliated with U.S. Labor Against the War, he unfortunately addressed little attention to the growing antiwar sentiment and organizing in the labor movement or how to further broaden its scope. He seemed unclear on the direction the antiwar movement should take and somewhat unfamiliar with the history of the development of the anti-Vietnam war movement.

Instead of calling for unity and further mass united antiwar actions, he seemed to unnecessarily counterpose building local actions and coalitions to national actions and coalitions; he dismissed the nationally coordinated mass actions as “sometimes great; other times they are a drag. In either case people are exhausted by them.” He ended his speech by speaking out against the ethnic cleansing in western Sudan and the continuing oppression of the Palestinian people. He said that few Americans know that 3.5–4 million people have died since 1997 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo or what is going on in Colombia or Burundi.

He said that a weakness in the pro-Palestinian movement has been a lack of international outreach along the lines organized by the African National Congress (ANC) against apartheid in South Africa.

Mazin Qumsiyeh authored the new book Sharing the Land of Canaan: Human Rights and the Israeli-Palestinian Struggle. Qumsiyeh pointed to the fact that the language used by the media makes it seem as though the battle to take control of Fallujah is a fight for a prize. He pointed to a Tine magazine cover that said “Street Fight: Inside the Battle for Fallujah.” “It’s a war on Fallujah, not for Fallujah,” he corrected. Qumsiyeh pointed to the fact that the U.S. military said there have been 1,600 insurgents killed, but, according to him, there is no way of knowing if they really were insurgents. He said that thousands of civilians have been killed; males between the ages of 14 and 60 are not allowed to leave the city. “Anyone who moved was shot,” he said.

Qumsiyeh suggested that a way to strengthen the peace movement is to speak to groups like churches and synagogues, which are among the most organized groups out there. He agreed with Fletcher that there is more work that needs to be done to defend the Palestinians internationally, but qualified his remark by saying that the ANC did not have to contend with a hostile force comparable to international Zionism, which the Palestinians face, and that factor has hurt their attempts to organize international support.

This session was followed by a panel of leaders consisting of Leslie Cagan, chairwoman of United for Peace and Justice (UFPJ); Brian Becker representing the International ANSWER Coalition; Peter Knowlton from U.S. Labor Against the War; Rob Sarra, an Iraq veteran representing Iraq Veterans Against the War; Tanya Mayo from the Not in Our Name Coalition; and a representative from the Campus Antiwar Network (CAN). This panel was refreshingly upbeat and nonfactional. The panelists and the participants in the discussion that followed seemed neither fazed nor discouraged by Bush’s victory in the election. They all called on activists to continue and deepen the struggle against the war. Both Peter Knowlton and Rob Sarra gave inspiring talks on the growing antiwar sentiment within the labor movement and among the troops and military families. They projected concrete organizing campaigns to further these developments.

The ANSWER coalition projected the January counter-inaugural demonstrations in Washington and the March 20 International Days of antiwar action as a focus for the spring.

Leslie Cagan said she was not sure what UFPJ would project for the spring and did not call for support to the action dates proposed by the ANSWER coalition. She raised the possibility of widely distributing the new UFPJ yellow ribbons that have the message “Bring the Troops Home Now” and of the antiwar movement running its own antiwar candidates sometime in the future. When participants asked why there seemed to be problems with forging unity among the various national antiwar coalitions Leslie Cagan remarked that ANSWER was “difficult to work with.” Unfortunately there was no time to develop this discussion or to have ANSWER respond to her remarks.

In the afternoon several well-attended workshops were held on the following topics: High School Counter-Recruitment; Labor, Veterans, and Military Families; Campus Organizing; Civil Disobedience as a Strategy; Connecting the Dots: Palestine and Iraq; and Organizing Neighborhood by Neighborhood.

A welcome to the plenary session, and a summary of resolutions for it to consider, was given by Chris Gauvreau, another central organizer of the statewide conference. Workshop information was given by Marie Salvaggi of CT United for Peace.

The plenary session passed seven resolutions that set a clear focus for continued activity and mass action. (1) The first resolution, submitted by Connecticut United for Peace, endorsed the Counter-Inaugural March in Washington, D.C., on January 20, 2005, and committed the Connecticut coalition to bringing as many people as possible to support the march called by ANSWER and set up a committee to achieve this goal.

(2) The second resolution was also submitted by Connecticut United for Peace and endorsed a statewide antiwar demonstration on March 5, 2005, to help build and publicize the national mobilizations scheduled for March 19-20. The demands of the march are: End the War in Iraq, Bring the Troops Home Now, and End the Occupation of Palestine.

(3) Further, Steve Krevitsky, who is active in the local antiwar movement, submitted a resolution to hold a Connecticut statewide antiwar conference in the fall of 2005 for activists and groups to get together, assess where the movement is going, and discuss and vote on resolutions and organizational matters; the resolution also called for a committee to be formed to carry this out. This too was adopted.

(4) The conference also passed a resolution submitted by the Greater New Haven Peace Council supporting and endorsing the Global Campaign for the Total Abolition of Nuclear Weapons and a demonstration called for New York City on May 1 to achieve that goal. The decision was made that Connecticut United for Peace will organize support and participation for the May 1 event.

(5 & 6) Two resolutions were introduced by Linda Lancz, another Connecticut antiwar activist. The first called for a massive campaign to win the visual debate in America to counter the right wing’s blanketing the country with pro-war stickers and signs. The three parts approved by the conference included (1) to endorse the “Support Our Troops—Bring Them Home Now” slogan; (2) to produce massive numbers of bumper stickers and yard signs with this slogan for sale; and (3) to produce a clear “Questions and Answers” flyer on the war, for mass distribution and to take door to door.

The second resolution Lancz submitted was in support of an open letter to labor and antiwar activists from Carol Seligman of Bay Area United Against the War (BAUAW). It further resolved that the two national coalitions should be encouraged to collaborate on dates, unify their actions, and cut down on the number of events that organizers are called on to respond to. They should be encouraged to call for a large national conference of the antiwar movement in 2005 where strategy can be developed to build a massive outreach campaign to those who are not yet clear on what the issues are. The resolution, which was passed, further encouraged the two antiwar coalitions to attempt to set united actions when warmer weather can optimize massive turnouts. It was noted that many of the national actions have been called in extremely cold weather in January and March on the East Coast, making it less likely that the largest possible number will attend.

(7) A resolution with a vague call for more militant actions to express the anger of the electorate was defeated.

(8) A resolution submitted by Stan Heller of the Middle East Crisis Committee called for united support to resolutions against the war scheduled to come before the New Haven City Council. This was passed.

National Significance of the Connecticut Conference

This statewide conference set an excellent example for other states to follow in that it was broadly endorsed, democratically organized and run (every participant had a vote), and clearly expressed the sentiment of the grassroots for nationally coordinated and united actions against the war. The message should not be lost on UFPJ and ANSWER that they should make every attempt to put their differences aside and collaborate on united actions and dates. This, plus the optimism and dedication of the activists to continuing the fight against the war, is the significance of the Connecticut conference.

Since the conference, UFPJ has endorsed the January counter-inaugural demonstrations, but without mentioning the ANSWER coalition, which holds the permits for the march. Following are the two calls from ANSWER for January 20 and March 19–20 and the UFPJ calls for the counter- inaugural and their latest call for a march in New York City on March 20, 2005. It has been announced that UFPJ has applied for permits for March 20 and for Central Park for the May 1 demonstration for the global abolition of nuclear weapons.

The proposed March 20 action in New York City could shape up to be the most significant demonstration planned if the permit for that march is again denied by city officials, since the call implies that the organizers will use Central Park whether or not they obtain a permit.


Texts of National Calls to Action

ANSWER: October Call for January 20 Counter-Inaugural

The antiwar and progressive movement that is fighting against imperialist war and occupation abroad and the assault against people’s rights at home has reached a critical juncture. The progressive movement has grown at a dynamic rate all around the world in the last two years primarily in response to the Bush administration’s global assault on people’s rights. This movement has shown powerful collective action on a global scale as all of us have stood together across the U.S. and around the world demonstrating that the power is in the people. This people’s movement represents the only real possibility for change and the only real challenge to militarism and global corporate conquest and exploitation.

The progressive movement in the United States is now confronted with a critical choice. The election campaign is in full swing. Some want to take the antiwar movement and fasten it as a tail to the Democratic Party kite. We believe that this would be a tragic squandering of the historic potential of the movement to create real change. The Democratic and Republican Parties represent the same banking and corporate elites and are both committed to a strategy of global domination. The recent vote in the Senate for the new Pentagon war budget of $416 billion was 98 to 0.

Both Bush and Kerry support and will extend the occupation of Iraq. Both support Israel’s relentless war against the Palestinian people and oppose the right of return. Both parties have supported the criminal blockade of Cuba that has endured for 44 years. Both stand for the overthrow of the elected government in Venezuela. Both represent U.S. oil interests in the attempted redivision of Africa. Both stand for U.S. intervention in Haiti. And there are literally a hundred other instances where the two parties share a near uniformity on issues.

The next phase in the antiwar movement must include an Action Plan and specific tactics that help the movement grow as a strong and powerful force independent of the two parties of the corporate war machine.

Antiwar activists who have been fighting to end the war and occupation of Iraq are pledging their commitment to redouble their efforts and to turn up the heat—no matter who is elected. On the first day that the next president takes the oath of office — January 20, 2005 — there will be thousands of people all along the inaugural route in Washington, D.C., demanding “End the occupation of Iraq—Bring the troops home now.” Whether it is Bush or Kerry riding in the limousine, they and the world will hear this message loud and clear from the people of the U.S. The A.N.S.W.E.R. Coalition has obtained permits for the Counter-Inaugural demonstration.


Update: January 20 Counter-Inaugural Protest

The A.N.S.W.E.R. Coalition in the United States issued a call in early October to mobilize for the March 19-20 Global Day of mass action. This is the second anniversary of Bush’s criminal aggression against the people of Iraq. More than 100,000 Iraqis have died and yet the resistance to occupation by the Iraqi people has not been stifled through the resort to high tech massacres. U.S. soldiers are being killed and maimed in a war for conquest. In these ways Iraq parallels the U.S. war against Vietnam. At the same time that the U.S. government is spending billions to kill in Iraq, Palestine, and Haiti, it is destroying social programs and working people’s security in the U.S.

Antiwar actions in Washington DC, San Francisco, Los Angeles, and in other cities around the country and around the world will take place on March 19–20.

On the first anniversary of the “Shock and Awe” invasion, March 20, 2004, the A.N.S.W.E.R. coalition and others in a larger March 20 National Coalition promoted the building of a united front under the slogan: Bring the Troops Home Now, End Occupation from Iraq to Palestine to Haiti and Everywhere. The demonstration also highlighted the call for Money for Jobs, Education and Healthcare, Not for War and in defense of civil rights and civil liberties. More than 100,000 marched in New York City, refuting the notion that the antiwar movement must turn its back on the just struggle of the Palestinian people in order to build so-called broad support. In fact, the large turnout on March 20 of the Arab-American, Muslim, Haitian, and other targeted communities helped the demonstration reflect the broad multinational and multiethnic reality of the global people’s movement for justice. This true united front organizing was a major step forward for the antiwar movement in the United States.

Rather than excluding the Arab-American and Muslim community, it is imperative that the antiwar movement deepen its solidarity. Struggling against all vestiges of national chauvinism and racism is essential if the new global movement is to realize its full potential. Bush and the ultra-right are using divide and conquer tactics as they target everyone’s rights. The antiwar movement can defeat the tactics of Bush and the right wing by demonstrating in practice that the people can build unity and solidarity among all peoples and all communities.

The demonstration comes at a particularly crucial time. The crimes against humanity inflicted on the people of Fallujah have become a metaphor for the entire criminal enterprise. Destroying a city and its people in the name of “democracy” barely masks Bush and Wall Street’s real agenda. As the Bush administration attempts to redraw the geopolitical map of the Middle East, a corresponding parallel policy targeting the Arab-American and Muslim communities is being rapidly imposed in the United States. The ramification of this policy is in fact alarming. For example, Palestinian professors from Columbia to UC Berkeley, student groups from San Francisco State to Duke

University, and humanitarian and community organizations, from New York to California and from Illinois to Texas, are being systematically targeted in the most vicious manner in an avalanching variety of methods.

Clearly, the Bush administration, aided by its allies and ideological neo-conservative underpinning, is attempting to silence dissent using the likes of the Patriot Act, criminalize criticism of Israeli policies (as in the case of House Resolution 3077), and fully marginalize Arab-Americans and Muslims.

Hate speech has been so normalized that hate mongers from Daniel Pipes to Michael Savage and Rush Limbaugh are filling all sorts of media outlets with outright racism and bigotry with impunity. In the face of this multifaceted assault, the clear linkages made thus far within the antiwar movement between the defense of civil liberties at home and the opposition to colonial occupations and conquest, from Palestine and Haiti to Iraq and beyond, should be not only dearly protected but also expanded and strengthened.

We urge all antiwar and people’s rights organizations to join together in this important day of action and global solidarity.


United for Peace and Justice Call

ACTION ALERT • UNITED FOR PEACE AND JUSTICE

212-868-5545

January 20, 2005: Our Resistance Continues!

Protest the Inauguration of George W. Bush

On Thursday, January 20, 2005, George W. Bush will be inaugurated as president of the United States. For the millions of us who stand for the values of peace and justice, it is a moment to renew our commitment to resist the Bush Administration and its deadly policies of war and greed—and to show Bush, and the world, that our movement is energized, mobilized, and determined to keep fighting back.

United for Peace and Justice urges everyone who can to converge in Washington, DC, on January 20. We encourage you to participate in the creative, powerful protest activities being organized by two groups: the DC Anti-War Network (DAWN) and Turn Your Back on Bush (http://www.turnyourbackonbush.org). See below for more information.

We also urge groups around the country to organize local protest and/or educational events on January 20, to provide opportunities for all those who can’t make it to Washington to take a public and visible stand for peace and justice and to invigorate our movement of resistance in every corner of the United States. Be sure to list your activities on the UFPJ web site calendar at http://www.unitedforpeace.org/events

 UFPJ also encourages everyone to wear a white ribbon on January 20, no matter where you are or what you are doing. In many cultures, white is the traditional color of mourning. We will wear white to honor the tens of thousands of civilians and more than 1,200 U.S. service people who have died in Iraq. We also honor all of the people in our own communities and around the world who have died as a result of the Bush administration’s policies.

In their own words, here is what the organizers of the counter-inaugural activities supported by UFPJ have to say:

From DC Anti-War Network:

RISE Against Bush, SHINE For A Peaceful Tomorrow: Every morning, the sun rises up, penetrating and overcoming the darkness of night. What once was dark becomes bright, changed by the force of the sun’s rays. Our world is in darkness tonight, plagued with war, poverty, environmental destruction, and attacks on many of the liberties that so many of us hold dear. The darkness over our world has grown yet darker with the election of George W. Bush to another four years in office. In the dark of the night, we need only wait for the sun. However, in the dark of our world, we cannot wait.  If we are to see a new dawn, we must take action now. The DC Anti-War Network (DAWN) calls on the people of the world to RISE Against Bush and SHINE For A Peaceful Tomorrow.

DAWN calls for people all over the nation and world to converge on Washington, DC, on the day of George W. Bush’s Inauguration, January 20, 2005, for peaceful antiwar actions. While DAWN is coordinating with many groups for a day of actions, DAWN calls additionally for these specific actions: (1) A permitted nonviolent antiwar rally followed by a march to Bush’s inaugural parade route; (2) A nonviolent civil disobedience die-in, following the rally, in memorial to the dead at the hands of Bush and his Administration. For more information, click here.

From Turn Your Back on Bush:

“Turn Your Back on Bush is a new kind of event in an old tradition: direct nonviolent action. In the past four years, Bush has made it clear that dissent is unwelcome in his America, and his policies have created an atmosphere where demonstrators are corralled and their messages marginalized. Polls show that the majority of Americans disagree with Bush on numerous issues, but by refusing to talk to anyone but the most subservient press outlets and appearing only in highly staged events, he has cut himself off from all but his most ardent supporters. We want our audience with our President.

“On inauguration day, we will gather as citizens for the public events of the day and join the rest of the crowd. At a given signal, we will turn our backs. Until the moment we turn around, there will be nothing to distinguish us from the rest of the crowd. By leaving our signs and buttons at home, we will avoid all of the obstacles that Bush and his supporters have used to keep anyone who disagrees with him out of sight. For this one moment we will speak as one and show Bush that winning an election does not mean he has the support of all Americans.”

For more information, visit http://www.turnyourbackonbush.org


December 4 Emergency Antiwar Conference Calls for United March on Central Park to End the Occupation

“Central Park Belongs to the People—March on Central Park on March 20 to End the Occupation!”

This call for a united effort of antiwar forces came from organizers and activists at the December 4 Emergency Antiwar Conference in New York City. It was greeted with thunderous applause and a renewed determination to be in the streets to fight the illegal occupation of Iraq. (See below for the text of the call.)

The conference, called by the International Action Center, was supported by a wide variety of progressive organizations including: New York City Labor Against the War; the Haiti Support Network; the New York Million Worker March Committee; the Korea Truth Commission; New Jersey Solidarity Activists for the Liberation of Palestine; New School Graduate Program in International Affairs Human Rights Group; International Concerned Family & Friends of Mumia Abu-Jamal, AMAT—the Association of Mexican American Workers; FIST—Fight Imperialism, Stand Together; Queers for Peace and Justice; Democratic Palestine; the No Draft No Way Campaign; PeopleJudgeBush.org, and more.

Panelists at the conference raised the need to organize against the draft and military recruiting, to support resistance inside the military, and to return to the streets in the continued struggle to stop the occupation. At the conclusion of the conference, participants broke into planning groups to begin organizing the next phase of resistance to occupation. Organizing groups included:  Fighting Bush’s War Budget, Fighting the Draft and Military Recruiting, Solidarity with Resistance in the Military, and Action Plan: Counter-Inaugural and March 20.


Text of Call from December 4 New York Antiwar Conference

·        OUT NOW!*

·        MARCH TO CENTRAL PARK ON SUNDAY MARCH 20, 2005*

·        THE WHOLE WORLD WILL BE MARCHING AND WATCHING*

The worldwide antiwar movement has called for massive demonstrations against the war on the weekend of March 19–20—the second anniversary of the invasion of Iraq.  We have a responsibility to respond with renewed determination and commitment in the face of the Bush administration’s launching of a new phase of the war against the Iraqi people.

A few months ago, Mayor Bloomberg, the NYPD, and Bush told us that we could not march to and rally in Central Park. We do not accept this decision and are determined to challenge it in the courts and by assembling tens of thousands of people to retake Central Park—our Park. The antiwar movement cannot afford, and must not allow, this infringement on our rights, especially in a city as important as NYC.

We call on all antiwar and progressive activists, organizations, and coalitions to work toward building a massive march on Sunday March 20 to Central Park under the slogan OUT NOW!

We propose to set up an OUT NOW coalition, open to all individuals and organizations willing to work together to stop the war. The reason why we are proposing that we call this movement “OUT NOW!” is because these two simple words convey the absolute zero tolerance for the occupation

of Iraq that must drive our organizing henceforth. We need everyone to know that the mass movement is reopening a full-scale campaign to stop the war and end the occupation and that the movement means business.

We encourage you to endorse this call.

The International Action Center

THE CHALLENGES FACING THE ANTIWAR MOVEMENT

(A document from the International Action Center)

The following points are not submitted as the basis for unity that all must agree to before working together. They are points of discussion that merit movement-wide attention at this crucial juncture.

·        We need to demand the immediate, complete and unconditional withdrawal of all U.S. occupation troops from Iraq. The occupation’s sole purpose is to control the natural resources of Iraq and render the Iraqi people and its institutions subservient to U.S. corporate interests by military force. The principal function of the occupation is the destruction of all who dare to resist it, no matter the cost in Iraqi lives, the destruction of Iraq’s infrastructure, and the resulting devastation of Iraqi society.

·        The most important thing to know about the January 30 “elections” that are being organized under the U.S.-created Allawi regime is that their purpose is to legitimize the occupation and the objectives of the occupiers. In the days ahead it will become more important for us to reject and expose any excuses put forward to justify the continuation of the colonial occupation of Iraq for even one more day or the sending of more troops, which is already under way. There is only one issue and that is ending the criminal occupation—immediately.

·        We must support politically, morally, and organizationally members of the U.S. armed services who are resisting the war; moreover, we must encourage this resistance.

·        We must organize to fight any attempt by the Bush Administration to reinstate the draft and prepare to support resistance if conscription returns.

·        It is time for the antiwar movement to acknowledge the absolute and unconditional right of the Iraqi people to resist the occupation of their country without passing judgment on their methods of resistance. Even the founding charter of the United Nations clearly affirms the right of an occupied people to resist by force of arms.

·        Bush’s doctrine of preemptive war, the occupation of Iraq and Afghanistan, and the growing threats against Iran and North Korea make it incumbent upon us to reject the notion that smaller countries must disarm and leave themselves defenseless at the demands of Bush and the Pentagon. Such demands are not only hypocritical, irrational, and unjust; they amount to little more than a pretext for more invasions and occupations.

·        We must continue to draw the connections between and build solidarity with all of the people in every part of the world that are resisting the empire—in Korea, the Philippines, Cuba, Venezuela, Columbia, Puerto Rico, and Haiti, where the people are actively resisting the “coupnapping” of President Aristide.

·        There must no longer be any hesitation on the part of our movement regarding our support of the struggle of the Palestinian people to free themselves from occupation. As a movement we have made a huge step forward in this regard. There must be no turning back.

·        We must work to facilitate the widest unity between all of the forces that are seriously organizing against the war and occupation. The world demands no less of us inside of the US. If there is a will to forge unity, then those with wide differences in political positions and even a history of poor working relations will find the basis to unite in the interest of the struggle to stop the war.

·        Now that the election is over, it is clear more than ever that only a people’s mass movement can stop the war. The antiwar movement should never again sacrifice its independence and demobilize itself on behalf of a political party that supports the war. The first and most immediate task of the antiwar movement is to be back in the streets.

·        It is up to us to revitalize the mass struggle against the war and to ensure that it is serious, uncompromising, unrelenting, and supportive of a wide array of tactics from the mass marches to the militant tactics of the youth, to the tactics that are most effective for the inclusion of workers, labor unions, and people of color.

·        One way of accomplishing greater fusion between the antiwar movement and the working class and the poor is through linking of the issues that affect the mass of the people with the struggle against the war in a much more strategic and substantive way. For example, very soon the Bush administration will ask congress to approve between $70 and $120 billion more for the war on top of the more than $200 billion that has already been allocated for it. Congress will be voting to fund the war and occupation at the same time that students, workers, single parents, the unemployed, and retirees are being hit with the most sweeping budget cuts since the Reagan years in the government programs that they depend on.

·        Our challenge: Can we help galvanize those who will be outraged by the specter of their money being stolen from critical needs to pay for more death and destruction [bringing them] into a struggle against the war budget vote? The time frame for this struggle will be the period from the counter-inauguration protest in DC and around the country on Jan. 20 through the second anniversary of the start of the war on the March 19–20 weekend.

·        We propose to strategize and reach out to other forces with the goal of implementing this perspective. The Million Worker March Movement has issued a call for all of the various antiwar organizations and workers struggles to unite on the weekend of March 19–20, and we endorse this call for broad unity.